However这类阅读理解里的转折词有哪些?



However是但是的意思,表转折,常常连接两个句意相反的句子。TutorABC总结阅读理解考点,连词是重要的考点之一,主要考察学生对前后句意的逻辑关系理解。显然,掌握However这类阅读理解里的转折词可以帮助我们厘清文章逻辑,把握作者观点。

 

      1..并列关系连词(等价/递进/因果)

等价、递进、因果和并列关系虽然名称各异,却殊途同归,因为连接的句子都属于并列关系。

等价关系通常由定语从句,同位语(或同位语从句),或解析性从句引出,起着修饰,限制或者补充的作用。

而递进和并列结构通常由一些衔接连词连接而成,关系一般都比较明显。所以,我们可以通过这些等价成分得出句子空格应该填入的词,即关键词的同义词。

常见的并列连词:

additionally, again, moreover, further, furthermore,

in the same manner, as well as, along with, furthermore,

 in the same way, just as, also, likewise, in addition to, like,

similar to, similarly, for example, for instance, as an example, namely, that is。

常见的因果关系过渡词:

because, because of, as a result, therefore, consequently,

 in consequence, hence, thus, since, so that, in order to。

常见递进关系的连接词:

not only…but (also), what’s more, what's worse, besides, in addition, worse still, moreover, above all等。

 

      2. 转折关系连词

  转折关系正好与并列关系相反。如果说求解并列关系和因果关系句子的关键是寻找同义词的话,那么转折关系就是寻找反义词。转折关系词包括转折连词和负面语气词。

常见的转折连词有:

although, but, however, instead, nevertheless, on the other hand, rather than, though, otherwise, rather, despite, in spite of, whereas, even if,

while, nevertheless,even though,even if,while,in fact,on the contrary.

常见的负面语气词包括:

curiously, ironically, paradoxically, far from, actually, in fact, compared with, unlike, far from it.

 

我们平常说话的重点往往落于"然而""但是"这些转折词后面,这类词语的重要性不仅仅体现在日常生活的交流中,就连在高考英语阅读理解题中也不例外。TutorABC建议考生应当注意"however", "on the contrary"等这些连词,可以在阅读材料中圈出这些词,重点理解前后句意。


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