2014年英语四级阅读真题解析


  阅读理解是英语四级重量级题型,分值很高,如果阅读做的好,那基本上英语四级就过了。阅读理解有3篇文章,每篇文章有5个问题,从4个中选一个出来。这些文章都是从国外专业期刊上面摘抄下来的,以学术型论文为主,所以这些阅读都相当有难度,不过不用害怕,再难也有解题思路。今天和TutorABC一起看看2014年的英语四级阅读真题中的一篇,看看别人是怎么解题的?



  2014年英语四级阅读真题

Questions 56 to 60 are based on the following passage.

  The question of whether our government should promote science and technology or the liberal arts in higher education isn't an either/or proposition(命题),although the current emphasis on preparing young Americans for STEM(science, technology, engineering,maths)-related fields can make it seem that way.

  The latest congressional report acknowledges the critical importance of technical training, but also asserts that the study of the humanities(人文学科)and social science must remain central components of America's educational system at all levels. Both are critical to producing citizens who can participate effectively in our democratic society, become innovative(创新的)leaders, and benefit from the spiritual enrichment that the reflection on the great ideas of mankind over time provides.

  Parents and students who have invested heavily in higher education worry about graduates' job prospects as technological advances and changes in domestic and global markets transform professions in ways that reduce wages and cut jobs. Under these circumstances, it's natural to look for what may appear to be the most "practical" way out of the problem "Major in a subject designed to get you a job" seems the obvious answer to some, though this ignores the fact that many disciplines in the humanities characterized as "soft" often, in fact, lead to employment and success in the long run. Indeed, according to surveys, employers have expressed a preference for students who have received a broadly-based education that has taught them to write well, think critically, research creatively, and communicate easily.

Moreover, students should be prepared not just for their first job, but for their 4th and 5th jobs, as there's little reason to doubt that people entering the workforce today will be called upon to play many different roles over the course of their careers. The ones who will do the best in this new environment will be those whose educations have prepared them to be flexible. The ability to draw upon every available tool and insight-picked up from science, arts, and technology-to solve the problems of the future, and take advantage of the opportunities that present themselves, will be helpful to them and the United States.

  56. What does the latest congressional report suggest?

  A) STEM-related subjects help students find jobs in the information society.

  B) The humanities and STEM subjects should be given equal importance.

  C) The liberal arts in higher education help enrich students' spiritual life.

  D) Higher education should be adjusted to the practical needs of society.

  57. What is the main concern of students when they choose a major?

  A) Their interest in relevant subjects.

  B) The academic value of the courses.

  C) The quality of education to receive.

  D) Their chances of getting a good job.

  58. What does the author say about the so called soft subjects?

  A) The benefit students in their future life.

  B) They broaden students' range of interests.

  C) They improve students' communication skills

  D) They are essential to students' healthy growth.

  59. What kind of job applicants do employers look for?

  A) Those who have a strong sense of responsibility.

  B) Those who are good at solving practical problems.

  C) Those who arc likely to become innovative leaders.

  D) Those who have received a well-rounded education.

  60. What advice does the author give to college students?

  A) Seize opportunities to tap their potential.

  B) Try to take a variety of practical courses.

  C) Prepare themselves for different job options.

  D) Adopt a flexible approach to solving problems.

  【了解文章大意】

  本文主要讲述美国的高等教育应该把理科和文科同等承视起来。文科对培养综合人才和创新人才的培养发挥重要作用,文理兼修的综合型人才很受市场欢迎,在职场中也很快能够得到提升。

  56.【答案】B

  【题干】 What does the latest congressional report suggest?

  【解析】本题定位到第二段第一句。原文说“The latest congressional report acknowledges the critical importance of technical training, but also asserts that the study of the humanities(人文学科)and social sciences must remain central components of America's educational system at all levels.",意思是:最新国会报告承认了技术培养的重要性,但是也表明人文学科和社会学科在美国各级教育系统中的核心地位。acknowledge(承认);component(组成部分);说明科技学科和人文社会学科同等重要。故B项符合题意。

  57.【答案】D

  【题干】 What is the main concern of students when they choose a major?

  【解析】本题定位到第三段。本段前两句:述了家长和学生们在为高等教育做出巨大投资之后所以担心的问题就是市场的变化可能会导致孩子们将来就业机会变少以及工资降低。并且根据这个大背景提出了一个公认的解决的办法,也就是由题干中的major定位到的本段第三句."Major in a subject designed to get you a job"seems the obvious answer to some,…”意思是“选择一个为给你找到工作而设计的专业是大部分人认可大答案”。故D项符合题意。

  58.【答案】A

  【题干】What does the author say about the so called soft subjects?

  【解析】本题定位到第三段第二句。原文说“...though this ignores the fact that many disciplines in the humanities characterized as "soft" often, in fact, lead to employment and success in the long run.",意思是:尽管这样忽视了文科。“软”方面的训练,实际七,长期来说更有利于职场就业和成功。选项A中benefit与原文的lead

  to employment and success对应,in their future与原文的in the long run对应。故A项符合题意。

  59.【答案】D

  【题干】What kind of job applicants do employers look for?

  【解析】本题定位到第三段第三句。原文说“Indeed, according to surveys, employers have expressed a preference for students who have received a broadly-based education that has taught them to write well, think critically, research creatively, and communicate easily.",意思是:确实,根据调查,招聘方更喜欢受过全方位教育的学生,在写作、思考、创新研究和沟通方面都非常优秀。preference偏爱。选项D中a well-rounded education(全面教育)与原文a broadly-based education(全方位教育)对应。与故D项符合题意。

  60.【答案】D

  【题干】 What advice does the author give to college students?

  【解析】本题定位到第四段最后两句。原文说:"The ones who will do the best in this new environment will be those whose educations have prepared them to be flexible. The ability to draw upon every available tool and insight-picked up from science, arts, and technology-to solve the problems of the future, and take advantage of the opportunities that present themselves, will be helpful to them and the United States.”意思是:在这样的环境中脱颖而出的,就是那些受过多方面教育的人。能够利用可用资源和自己的洞察力来解决未来问题,抓好每个机遇,对受教育者和美国社会都是非常有帮助的。"have prepared them to be flexible”和“The ability to solve the problems of the future","will be helpful to them”总结起来就是D项的表述,approach方法,途径。其他选项都是干扰项。故D项符合题意。

      小编觉得对于英语四级考试来说,最重要的就是英语阅读这块,这对我们来说不仅是得分的关键,其实也是最好拿分的地方,就是四个选项,然后进行选择。不像翻译或者写作,都要进行思考和逻辑判断。我们在进行学习的时候,还是要着重复习阅读。

以上就是关于2014年英语四级阅读真题中的一篇拿出来解析,讲解非常细致,希望大家多看几篇。了解正确答案是怎么选出来的,可以从哪些角度去分析题目,这是大家最应该学习的。


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