汤姆•索亚历险记中英文赏析



  《汤姆.索亚历险记》The Adventures of Tom Sawyer是马克吐温的童年写照,小说主人公汤姆索亚是一个中产阶级的小孩,从小就被姨妈抚养,缺乏父爱母爱,他讨厌功课,不守教规,打架惹事,小小年纪就谈起了恋爱。虽然调皮捣蛋但是却正义勇敢,过着每个小孩渴望而不敢,所以得不到的生活。



  一起欣赏第三章:汤姆打仗恋爱忙不过来

  As he was passing by the house where Jeff Thatcher lived, he saw a new girl in the garden -- a lovely little blue-eyed creature with yellow hair plaited into two long-tails, white summer frock and embroidered pantalettes. The fresh-crowned hero fell without firing a shot. A certain Amy Lawrence vanished out of his heart and left not even a memory of herself behind. He had thought he loved her to distraction; he had regarded his passion as adoration; and behold it was only a poor little evanescent partiality.

  他走过杰夫·撒切尔家住的房子的时候,看见有一个新来的女孩子站在花园里——一个漂亮可爱的蓝眼睛的小姑娘。金黄色的头发梳成两只长长的发辫,身上穿着白色的夏季上装和宽松的长裤。这位刚戴上胜利花冠的战斗英雄一枪没打就束手投降了。一个叫艾美·劳伦斯的姑娘立刻从他的心目中消失了而且不留一点痕迹,他原以为他爱她爱得发狂,而且他把自己这种爱当作深情的爱慕,不过旁人看来那不过是一种可怜渺小、变幻无常的爱恋罢了。

  He had been months winning her; she had confessed hardly a week ago; he had been the happiest and the proudest boy in the world only seven short days, and here in one instant of time she had gone out of his heart like a casual stranger whose visit is done.

  为了获取她的欢心,他费了好几个月的工夫,可她答应他还不到一个星期。他只是在短短的七天内当了一次世界上最幸福、最自豪的男孩子。可在片刻之间,她就像一位拜访完毕,告辞离去的稀客一般,从他心里离去了,消失了,被他忘得一干二净。

  He worshipped this new angel with furtive eye, till he saw that she had discovered him; then he pretended he did not know she was present, and began to "show off" in all sorts of absurd boyish ways, in order to win her admiration. He kept up this grotesque foolishness for some time; but by-and-by, while he was in the midst of some dangerous gymnastic performances, he glanced aside and saw that the little girl was wending her way toward the house. Tom came up to the fence and leaned on it, grieving, and hoping she would tarry yet awhile longer. She halted a moment on the steps and then moved toward the door. Tom heaved a great sigh as she put her foot on the threshold. But his face lit up, right away, for she tossed a pansy over the fence a moment before she disappeared.

  他爱慕这位新来的天使并偷眼望她,直到看到她发现他为止。然后,他装着她好像不在的样子,开始用各种各样可笑的孩子气的方法来炫耀自己,为的是赢得她的好感。他傻乎乎地耍弄一阵子,然后一面做惊险的体操动作,一面眼往旁边瞟了一下,见那小姑娘正朝房子走去。汤姆走到栅栏那儿,靠在栅栏上伤心,希望她再多留一阵子。她在台阶上稍作停留,然后又朝门口走去。当她抬脚上门槛时,汤姆长叹了一声。即刻他脸上又露出喜色,因为她在进去之前,向栅栏外面扔了一朵三色紫罗兰花。

  哪个少年不钟情,哪个少女不怀春?马克吐温把这种孩童时懵懂的爱恋刻画得惟妙惟肖。汤姆·索亚历险记是一本写给男孩的书,每一个男孩都可以在汤姆身上看到自己的影子:机智勇敢、天真活泼、敢于探险但也调皮捣蛋。


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