专业英语 法律专业词汇 诉讼



  专业英语也就是Professional English,是相对于普通英语的一个概念。普通英语没有太多的涉及到英语各个方面的专业术语, 而各行各业都有一些专业名词,如果想要专攻某一专业,专业英语是不能少的。下面给出法律专业英语词汇,就算不是法律专业的也可以开卷有益。



  法律专业英语词汇

  被害人 victim

  被害人的诉讼代理人 victim's agent ad litem

  被上诉人 respondent; the appellee

  被申请人 respondent

  被申请执行人 party against whom execution is filed

  被执行人 person subject to enforcement

  案外人 person other than involved in the case

  必要共同诉讼人 party in necessary co-litigation

  败诉方 losing party

  办案人员 personnel handling a case

  辩护律师 defense attorney/lawyer

  辩护人 defender

  被告 defendant; the accused

  案件 case

  报案 report a case (to security authorities)

  案件发回 remand

  案件名称 title of a case

  案卷材料 materials in the case

  案情陈述书 statement of case

  保全措施申请书 application for protective measures

  被告人最后陈述 final statement of the accused

  被告向原告第二次答辩 rejoinder

  本诉 principal action

  辩护 defense

  辩护证据 exculpatory evidence; defense evidence

  辩论阶段 stage of court debate

  驳回反诉 dismiss a counterclaim; reject a counterclaim

  驳回请求 deny/dismiss a motion

  驳回上诉、维持原判 reject/dismiss the appeal and sustain the original judgement/ruling

  驳回诉讼 dismiss an action/suit

  驳回通知书 notice of dismissal

  驳回自诉 dismiss/reject a private prosecution

  驳回自诉裁定书 ruling of dismissing private-prosecuting case

  补充答辩 supplementary answer

  补充判决 supplementary judgement

  补充侦查 supplementary investigation

  不公开审理 trial in camera

  不立案决定书 written decision of no case-filing

  不批准逮捕决定书 written decision of disapproving an arrest

  不起诉 nol pros

  不予受理起诉通知书 notice of dismissal of accusation by the court

  裁定 order; determination (指最终裁定)

  裁定管辖 jurisdiction by order

  裁定书 order; ruling

  裁决书 award

  采信的证据 admitted evidence

  查封 seal up

  撤回上诉 withdraw appeal

  撤诉 withdraw a lawsuit

  撤销立案 revoke a case placed on file

  撤销原判,发回重审 rescind the original judgement and remand the case to the original court for retrial

  法律专业英语是一门较难的专业英语,即使母语是英语的人也会在浩如烟海的法律典籍中感到无力。在欧美,法学和医学属于精英教育,律师和医生是高等职业,收入颇丰、受人尊敬。无论对哪一门专业英语感兴趣,都要先打好普通英语的底子,普通英语掌握不好会很大程度上影响各专业英语的学习。


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