New Item 1
Nineteen-year old Elly Nowell from Winchester in the south of England applied to the Oxford college of Magdalen to read law, but when she was invited for interview she decided she didn't like what she saw.
Elly, who is finishing her A-levels, told the BBC that Oxford resembled the British Monarchy in that it was what she called ridiculous and elitist, but unlike the Royal Family, was rarely mocked. Her actions may well change that. Following her interview at Magdalen College, Elly wrote a rejection letter to the University using the kind of language that officials employ when they're trying to let somebody down gently.
Elly admits that her letter of rejection to the University was not entirely serious, but it has raised some important points. Oxford and Cambridge universities are often accused of elitism and of having entrance procedures that favor students from private schools.
Yet Oxford says it's changing and that last year more than half of its academic offers went to pupils from state schools. As for Elly, she now hopes to gain a place at University College London. The admissions staff there may well be watching the mailbox very closely.
1.What was the result of Elly Nowell’s interview? (D)
2.Why is Oxford often criticized?(A)
News Item 2
Doctors at Mumbai's Sion hospital say dozens of patients arrived at the casualty ward complaining of giddiness, vomiting and headaches. The vast majority were children from one of Mumbai's largest slums, Dharavi. Most are in a stable condition. It's believed they developed a reaction to colored powders they were throwing.
Across the country, millions of people from all walks of life smear and cover themselves from head to toe in bright paints and powders as is custom for Holi. But there has been concern for some time that some of the artificially-produced dyes, which are cheap to buy, contain harmful toxic chemicals which can lead to serious skin and breathing problems.
There has been a push in recent years to encourage more revellers to use organic and environmentally-friendly dyes to avoid health risks.
3.What symptoms did they show when the children arrived at Mumbai’s Sion Hospital?(D)
4.What are more revelers advised to do?(B)
News Item 3
Scientists in Canada say the ability to speak two languages could help protect the brain against aging. They found that people who have been bilingual since childhood suffered less mental decline when they grow older than those who only speak one language.
Previous studies on children suggest that being bilingual can improve creativity and problem-solving skills, but the effect of being able to speak two languages on the brain, as we get older, hasn’t until now been known. This work, published in the journal of Psychology and Aging, looked at around a hundred and fifty adults, some bilingual and other monolingual, and tested their reaction times. It appears that bilingual adults over sixty responded as quickly as much younger monolingual counterparts.Why being able to speak two languages can improve brain function is unclear, although the authors suspect that it may have something to do with being able to react to one particular stimulus while ignoring irrelevant information. It’s clearly an ability that bilingual individuals must develop. However, the benefits may only be seen if someone speaks both languages daily.
5. What does the research published find out?(C)
6. Why speaking two languages can improve brain ability?(A)
7. Who may benefit the most?(D)